UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS AND POOR ESTABLISHMENT OF INDUSTRIES IN ABA STATE
(A CASE STUDY OF UMUAHIA NORTH L.G.A)
Not two long ago, Abia state was under siege as a result of the activities of robbers and kidnappers. Businessmen and other prominent people were either killed or kidnapped. As a result, investors were scared away while construction companies abandoned their equipment on site and field. This began to have a toll on the socio-economic activities of the state.
The level of labour being consumed determines the progress of any given society. This is because it lead to a reduction in crime/criminal act and non-wastage manpower, therefore unemployment becomes a very crucial issue requiring great attention. In Nigeria, this is the same the establishment of industries is very vital for the solving of unemployment problems.
This study is concerned with the problem of unemployment and poor establishment of industries in Umuahia North L.G.A. The study centeres on identifying, the problems of unemployment and how poor establishment of industries has contributed to the increase of unemployment related problems. Find out the problem of unemployment in Umuahia North, to proffer solution to this nagging issue.
The population of the study is 200 and a sample was determined using field random sampling method. It is a survey research and researcher used both secondary and primary source of data to collect relevant data for the study.
The study revealed that unemployment affected ther growth of the economy and the increase rate of unemployment is one of the causes of various crime in Umuahia.
It is therefore recommended that government should create job through the establishment of industries in Umuahia North L.G.A and provide assistance to those wishing to establish industries in the rural areas.
In conclusion, unemployment problems is as a result of poor establishment of industries in Umuahia North L.G.A. of Abia state.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page - - - - - - -
Approval page - - - - - - -
Dedication - - - - - - -
Acknowledgement - - - - - - -
Abstract - - - - - - -
Table of content - - - - - - -
1.0 Background of study - - - - -
1.1 Introduction - - - - -
1.2 Statement of problem - - - - -
1.3 Objectives of study - - - - -
1.4 Research question - - - - -
1.5 Statement of hypothesis - - - - -
1.6 Significance of the study - - - -
1.7 Scope and limitation of study- - - -
1.8 Definition of terms - - - -
2.0 Literature review - - - - -
2.1 Introduction - - - - -
2.2 Origin of Abia and economic activities - -
2.3 Review of theoretical issues - - - -
Affecting employment - - - - -
2.4 The relationship between unemployment
and National income - - - - -
2.5 Government policies on employment - -
2.6 Poor establishment of industries in Abia- -
2.7 Solution to the problem of unemployment -
2.8 Enlarging employment in
Existing establishment - - - - -
Reference - - - - -
3.0 Research methodology and design- - -
3.1 Introduction - - - - - -
3.2 Research design - - - - - -
3.3 Method of data collection - - - - -
3.4 Sample size - - - - - -
3.5 Sampling technique - - - - -
3.6 Validity and reliability of
measuring instrument - - - - -
3.7 Method of data analysis - - - - -
Reference - - - - -
4.0 Presentation and analysis of data - - -
4.1 Introduction - - - - -
4.2 Presentation of data - - - - -
4.3 Analysis of data - - - - -
4.4 List of hypothesis - - - - -
4.5 Interpretation of results- - - - -
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation-
5.1 Introduction - - - - -
5.2 Summary of findings - - - - -
5.3 Conclusion - - - - -
5.4 Recommendation - - - - -
References - - - - - Appendix - - - - -
1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
To adequately understand the problem that result from unemployment due to poor establishment of industries in Umuahia North Local Government of Abia state, these arose the need for an attempt at defining the term unemployment.
Herby (1974) in his revised and updated Oxford Advanced Dictionary of current English defines the social evil, unemployment as the state of being unemployed and the amount of unused labour.
The global economic depression which stated in the early 1980s has caused a rapid deterioration in Nigeria economy, industries output has become very low and commercial activities were consequently reduced leading to the loss of employment by thousands of Nigerians. Ayo (1998).
This trend was confirmed by the labour force (force survey) conducted by the national manpower board in 1961/1967. this situation has become so bad that the end of 1985, the unemployment situation had reached desperate and alarming proportions (10% - 12%) not only in the urban area while 1974 was limited to the urban centres. The result affected is the increase in different kinds of anti-social activities such as, housing breaking, robbery, drugs and presently kidnapping, Eberinwa (2005).
In an effort to redress the situation and stem the tide of increase anti-social activities arising from youths unemployment, the government in 1o986 introduced (SAP) structural Adjustment Programme for two years. Agbora (2006).
Various development plans the followed suit had it as an objective to effectively solve the problems of unemployment. This has led to the initiation of various agricultural programmes. Banks and industries were in the rural areas to give job to the rural dwellers. Many other programmes and policies here established but were not effective enough as to restructure the economy.
Privatization and commercialization of certain government establishment led to workers being laid off from their job resulting in greater unemployment.
The situation has reduced to various calls by the government for all stakeholders in Nigeria nation of which Abia state is one to help in the establishment of industries that will absolve millions of youths without job which has lead to arm robbery, kidnapping and prostitution etc.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The problem of unemployment in Umuahia North Local Government area of Abia state is becoming mere unbearable as it is threatening the Nigeria economy as people find it difficult to service. An alarming structure of unemployment emerged with the rising joblessness among graduates of tertiary institutions. That is why young school leavers (graduates) now roam about the streets in search of jobs. Which they never find and it has caused untold hardship and suffering to the people.
The poor establishment of industries in Umuahia North Local Government of Abia state has increased unemployment problem in Abia state which has made our graduates to involve themselves in some anti-social activities to meet up. The problem now is finding solution to unemployment problems in Abia state